This way, please. Match the Russian words with their English equivalents. A carpet, a tea-pot, a towel, a TV-set, a mirror, a bed, a sofa, a stove, a shower, soap, a pillow, an armchair, a sofa, a picture, a wardrobe, a chest of drawers, a fridge, flowers, a tape-recorder, a dressing-table, a lamp, a table. A a spacious garden; b There is a spacious garden around the house. Nouns: a flat, a sofa, a refrigerator, a carpet, a computer, a garden, a washingmachine, conveniences, a lamp.
Adjectives: dirty, nice, spacious, modern, well-planned, comfortable, bright, pleasant, helpful, standard, convenient. To make smth. Your home — We decided to make Jamaica our home. To be home to — California is home for many vineyards. Guess the meaning. Write sentences of your own, using these words. Their flat is being renovated. Saturday was the day he had promised to pay his landlady. Our next-door neighbours are so noisy that we can hardly sleep some nights.
I only have a room of my own. My room is not very large, but it is very comfortable. On the left there is a sofa and a small table near it. At the window there is a desk. On the right there is a dressing table. Next to it there is a wardrobe for my clothes. Here is the kitchen. There are some cupboards under the sink. Circle the correct response. In pairs, complete the dialogues.
Will you come in and see? It is not very large, but it is very comfortable and well-planned. Any Englishman likes to live in a two-storey detached house. So does Philip. In front of the house there is a green lawn and a lot of flowers. Behind it there is an orchard with some fruit trees in it. Mrs Stanley is fond of flowers and trees. She often spends her spare time there. On the north side of the house there is a garage. On the first floor or upstairs you can find two bedrooms and a bathroom. The furniture is modern and new.
The windows are large. The family like to meet in the sitting-room in front of the fire-place. Philip has to pay a lot of money for the house before he can call it his own. The Stanleys like their home. They enjoy its quiet pleasures, its comfort, its sweet familiar atmosphere. Look at the plan of the text.
Is it correct? In pairs, act out a conversation between Philip and Linda. Home, sweet home Task 1. Suggest Russian equivalents for the proverbs and sayings. Make up a list of your household duties. Use the following address abbreviations: Ave. Avenue , St. Street , Rd.
Road , Bvld. Boulevard , VLG. You are to rent a flat a room. Phone the landlady and ask her questions. Use: Is there nearby? There are three main types of houses in Britain: terraced — several houses, usually two-storey, joined together in a row or terrace; semi-detached — a pair of houses joined together; detached — a single house, completely separate from any other. This house is over years old. A big problem in England is the rising cost of houses.
English-speaking world Англоязычный мир - PDF
When you are invited 2. In groups, act out a conversation. It could be a bottle of wine, a box of chocolates or a few flowers. Some useful phrases: Hello, nice to see you. Make yourself comfortable. Would you like to come to the table? Thank you very much. The dinner has been delicious. Thank you for a wonderful evening. There is work to do. Read correctly. Photo, phase, phone, telegraph, photosynthesis, philosophy, physics, atmosphere, phenomenon, sphere, graphically, geography, topography, biography, pheasant, phantasm, emphasize, emphatic, alphabet.
There is a cooker, two chairs and five plants.
Конспект урока английского языка
There are five plants, a cooker and two chairs. There is a big library in the new building. There are many different crops. There exist a great number of butterflies. Use: is, are. Make the sentences negative and interrogative. Model: There is a clock on the wall. There is no clock on the wall. Is there a clock on the wall? Change the sentences after the model. Translate into English. Yes, what is it? What can I do for you? Just a minute, please! Am I right for? Could you tell me the way to?
Go straight [streit]. It will take you 15 minutes to go there. To arrive at smb. Word-building Task 1. A Complete the following with the correct suffix to make adjectives. History — historical — historic Culture — cultural Science, education, industry, monument, agriculture, profession. Make up sentences about your town using the adj. In groups, discuss the questions: What is 1 the most beautiful place in your town?
It will take you right to the academy. You have to change for number A In pairs, act out a conversation. Student A: Ask the way to a certain place in your town. Student B: Be ready to give directions. You want a taxi to take you to different places. Include different forms of polite requests in your conversation. Now Penza is a big cultural and industrial centre. Its population is over people. There are several big plants which produce chemical equipment, electronic equipment, diesel engines, compressors, bicycles, clocks and watches, paper, medicines and other necessary things.
Agriculture in Penza region is on the upsurge now. Our farmers introduce new techniques and machinery, develop high-yielding and disease-resisting varieties, breed highly-productive breeds of farm animals in order to make our farming as profitable as possible.
In Penza there are many educational establishments. Whatever the season, Penza is always beautiful. You can see a great variety of picturesque houses — from old-fashioned buildings of the 19 th century to modern constructions of original architecture. Visitors often go to the circus, to the Drama Theatre, to museums. People are proud of their city and try to make it cleaner and healthier. Have you seen all of them? Arrange the information of the text and complete the table. January RSS Feed. Fine, thanks. See you soon. Use: do, does. Use: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.
Sometimes several variants are possible. Are playing volleyball in the park.
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Are going with us? Some sentences are wrong. Correct them. She has a baby. Is your son at home? Liverpool is the biggest city in Lancashire. I like my work very much. I am married. As they cannot be said to have reached old age yet, the ultimate sizes are not yet known. Mitchell suggests that as planes approaching years old are still in full vigour, p lane trees are likely to grow to be the biggest trees in southern Britain in the future. It is relevant that the oriental plane is often the largest native broadleaf tree in Western Asia and southern Europe, and the occidental plane holds the same position in the eastern USA.
Both of these planes can have trunks with girth exceeding 12 meters about 40 feet. There is a listing of large trees in Bean's Manual. Many of the other largest specimens are in central London, in the Royal Parks and in some of the old squares. Planes are known for their flaking bark. This is useful in shedding pollutants that may interfere with air reaching the trunk, and is one of the reasons why the tree has been so succesful in London during the periods of serious air pollution. As bark falls off in patches, it leaves a trunk dappled in various colours, including usually buff where bark has just fallen off, otherwise brownish to grey patches.
On younger branches most of the bark is rapidly shed at a time, giving them a distinctive pale colour that darkens over time. Older bark can remain on the tree trunk long enough to grow some algae or lichens even in London nowadays, and this can give the trunk a greenish colouring. Smaller fragments of bark can be shed in little plates, sometimes leaving depressions on the trunk that looks as if they have been scooped out with a table spoon. Swollen boles on trees at Kennington Park. Some mature or older trees have trunks that are much swollen compared with the rest of the tree. Typically these trunks are covered in what looks like masses of old dark fissured bark, and it may be that much of the girth is due to the bark rather than the wood.
It may be also that this only happens in some species and clones; the trees I have seen this occur in appear to be Pyramidalis or a similar clone. It may be that the behaviour is connected to the formation of burrs on the trunk. The bark of some forms stops flaking off freely from older wood. This is especially noticeable on the oldest wood at the base of the tree trunk.
It then becomes fissured and darker coloured there, and no longer has the distinctive appearance of plane tree bark. This effect may be related to the vigour of the tree. The dark colouring is probably due to the collection of dirt particles and pollutants on the persistent bark. A few trees do not produce flaking bark even on young wood.
Whether these behaviours are due to the genetic makeup of the tree or environmental conditions is not known. Nowadays there are about forty universities in Great Britatin, almost every big city of the country has a university. British Universities aim to give their students the highest type of education and training and to enable them to carry out scientific research work. After completing a course of four or five years a university graduate gets the Bachelor's Degree of Science, Medicine, Arts, etc. Liter he can continue his studies and research and defend a thesis to get Master's of Doctor's Degree.
A University usually consist of some colleges, which are part of the University. All educational institutions differ from each other in tradition, size, teaching methods. Oxford and Cambrige are the oldest ones. They have a very high reputation all over the world, and many students from different countries come to study there. Each student of Oxford and Cambridge has a tutor who helps the student to plan and organize his work, to select reading materials and to prepare for his degree in the best possible way.
A student selects several subjects for his studies and regularly writes essays and other works on them and presents them to his tutor for correction and discussion at their regular meetings. Besides Universities, there are about three hundred technical colleges and polytechnical schools in Great Britatin.
Their course is shorter and their graduates get diplomas instead of degrees. The academic year consists of three terms of eight to ten weeks each, and between the terms the students have their vacations. What educational institutions do you know in Great Britatin?
Name some of them. Cambridge is the second oldest university city in Great Britain after Oxford. Cambridge is on the river Cam and takes its name from this river. There are twenty-nine collegesin Cambridge. A large part of the population of the city are teachers and students. All students have to live in Cambridge while they studythere.
In the streets of Cambridge you can see many young men wearing dark blue or black clothes and black square caps. The tradition goes back to the old times when the students had to wear dark clothes. They could not play games or sing songs and dance in those days, they could not fish either.
The great Russian scientist I. Pavlov came to Cambridge in to receive the degree of Honorary Doctor of Cambridge.
The students made him a present of a toy dog. Cambridge is known all over the world. Many famous scie n tists worked there: Rutherford, Kapitza and others. Reading for details. Task 1. Answerthequestions: What is Great Britain famous for? When did British traditions appear?
View What It Is Like In The Usa Учебник По Страноведению Для Студентов Вузов 2005
What English holidays do you know? What English holiday do you like best? When do Englishmen eat lots of pancakes? Task 2. Describe the pictures Try to draw your own picture to illustrate one of the holidays. Show it to the other pupils and give your explanation. Read the text "Ghosts and witches" and tell your mother about this holiday Usethefollowingexpressions: - on the 31st of October, - itisconnectedwith, - dress up in strange costumes, - pretendtheyarewitches, - horriblefaces, - to put a candle inside, - to play tricks on somebody.
Jigsaw reading 4 groups. Why do the British Like Drinking Tea? What is Haggis? Task 1 group 1. Britain is somehow difficult country to understand. For tourists, British life, traditions and customs are weird. What is life like for ordinary people in Britain? How are things changing during the last decades?
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British people live in the UK. The British are said to be reserved in manners, dress and speech. They are famous for their politeness, self-discipline and especially for their sense of humor. British people have a strong sense of humor, which sometimes can be hard for foreigners to understand.
Because there is a mile between its first and last letters! Britain is a country of mixed cultures. London has the largest non-white population of any European city and over languages are spoken there. Therefore not all British people are White or Christians. In addition, she is the head of the Commonwealth. She initially had little prospect of succeeding to the throne until her uncle, Edward VIII, abdicated in December Her father then became George VI and she became heir.
Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaret were educated at home. On the outbreak of war in , they were evacuated to Windsor Castle. The couple has four children. She returned home immediately, and was crowned at Westminster Abbey in June For more than 50 years, during a period of great change in Britain, the Queen has carried out her political duties as the head of state, the ceremonial responsibilities of the sovereign and a large annual program of visits in the United Kingdom as well as numerous foreign tours.
Despite the controversies and scandals surrounding her children and other members of the royal family, she remains a respected head of state. In , Elizabeth celebrated 63 years on the throne and her 89th birthday. The Queen meets thousands of people each year in the UK and overseas. Before meeting Her Majesty, many people ask how they should behave.
The simple answer is that there are no obligatory codes of behavior — just courtesy. David Cameron was born in London but grew up in Berkshire, England. He attended Eton and then received a first class degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from Oxford in After Oxford, Cameron came into politics with a job in the research department of the Conservative Party. David Cameron was elected as a Member of Parliament for Witney, Oxfordshire in and became a party leader in He was often compared to Tony Blair, who played a similarly rejuvenating role for the Labor Party a decade earlier.
The Conservative Party made an unexpectedly strong showing in the elections of 6 May , and Cameron was asked by Queen Elizabeth II to form a new government when Gordon Brown resigned on 11 May In he was retained as a prime minister after the Conservative Party won, what the BBC called a "shock election victory"; the Conservatives instead won seats, a clear majority of the seats in Parliament. David Cameron married Samantha Sheffield in Their son Ivan was born in with cerebral palsy and epilepsy; Ivan died on 25 February They have three other children: Nancy b.
Twelve million children attend about 40 schools in Britain. Education in Great Britain is compulsory and free for all children between the ages of 5 and There are many children who attend a nursery school from the age of 3, but it is not compulsory. In nursery schools they learn some elementary things such as numbers, colours, and letters.
Apart from that, babies play, have lunch and sleep there. Whatever they do, there is always someone keeping an eye on them. Compulsory education begins at the age of 5 when children go to primary school. Primary education lasts for 6 years. It is divided into two periods:. In infant schools children don't have real classes. They mostly play and learn through playing. But when pupils are 7, real studying begins.
They don't already play so much as they did it in infant school. Now they have real classes, when they sit at desks, read, write and answer the teacher's questions. Compulsory secondary education begins when children are 11 or 12 and lasts for 5 years. Secondary school is traditionally divided into 5 forms. Religious education is also provided. English, Mathematics and Science are called "core" subjects. At the age of 7, 11 and 14 pupils take examinations in the core subjects. In such schools pupils are often put into certain sets or groups, which are formed according to their abilities for technical or humanitarian subjects.
Almost all senior pupils around 90 per cent go there;. Entrance is based on the test of ability, usually at Grammar schools are single sexed schools;. Education in such schools gives good prospects for practical jobs. When they are in the third or in the fourth form, they begin to choose their exam subjects and prepare for them. After finishing the fifth form pupils can make their choice: they may either leave school and go to a Further Education College or continue their education in the sixth form. Those who stay at school after GCSE, study for 2 more years for "A" Advanced Level Exams in two or three subjects which is necessary to get a place at one of British universities.
There are about private schools in Great Britain. Most of these schools are boarding ones, where children live and study. Private schools are also called preparatory for children up to 13 years old and public schools for pupils from 13 to 18 years old. Any pupil can enter the best university of the country after leaving this school. The most famous British public schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester. There is a considerable enthusiasm for post-school education in Britain.
The aim of the government is to increase the number of students who enter into higher education. The driving force for this has been mainly economy. It is assumed that the more people who study at degree level, the more likely the country are to succeed economically. A large proportion of young people — about a third in England and Wales and almost half in Scotland — continue education at a more A-level beyond the age of Nearly every university offers access and foundation courses before enrolment on a course of higher education of prospective students who do not have the standard entry qualifications.
Higher education in Britain is traditionally associated with universities, though education of University standard is also given in other institutions such as colleges and institutes of higher education, which have the power to award their own degrees. So after leaving secondary school young people can apply to a university, a polytechnic or a college of further education.
After three years of study a university graduates get the Degree of a Bachelor of Arts, Science or Engineering. Special Training is subdivided into two parts: general professional and basic specialized. At the period of training and practice doctors work in the system of National Health. After full registration received, all practical doctors become qualified as SHO senior house officer— senior medical grade with a full registration, taking specialized training. Usually this title is awarded for a period of two or three years and is considered to be one of the stages of principal professional training.
In this time training for examinations into various royal colleges is according to specialization.